LESSON 1: Staff / Bar Lines / Clefs

  • In this Lecture, we'll learn about the music Staff (five lines & four spaces), Bars (Measures), & Clefs.
  • We'll also learn how to draw the Treble & Bass Clefs.
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Staff / Bar Lines / Clefs

In this Lecture, we'll learn about the music Staff (the five lines & four spaces), Bars (Measures), and Clefs. We'll also learn how to draw the Treble & Bass Clefs.

Staff

The music Staff, or Stave, consists of 5 lines and 4 spaces. Each line and space are used to indicate a specific note.

staff

Bar Lines

Bar lines are used to divide the staff into segments of time. These are known as "Bars" or "Measures" of music.

bar lines, bars

Clefs

The most commonly used Clefs are the Treble Clef and Bass Clef, but there are also the Alto clef and Tenor Clef. If you play the Viola the Alto Clef will look very familiar as the Viola uses the Alto Clef almost exclusively. If you play Cello, Bassoon or Trombone, you may have seen the Tenor Clef already.

clefs-treble-bass-alto-tenor

As we learned before each line and space of the staff indicates a specific note. But these notes are determined by the Clef. There are other Clefs which are variations of these Clefs. In this course we are only going to be using the most common Clefs, the Treble Clef and the Bass Clef.

You can see the circle on the Treble Clef circles the same line as the note G, so another name for the Treble Clef is the G Clef. The 4th line in the Bass Clef is an F. So another name for the Bass Clef is the F Clef.